On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of „substantial amendments,“ so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  The withdrawal agreement will reduce all cooperation in a controlled manner on the basis of the UK`s accession to the EU. The withdrawal agreement contains no provision on future relations between the EU and the UK. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transition period until the end of 2020, during which time relations between the EU and the UK will continue in accordance with current EU rules, as if the UK were still a member of the EU. The only important exception is that Britain will no longer participate in EU decision-making or the activities of EU institutions during the transition period. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: 4. The next part (Articles 126-132) contains provisions relating to the transition period that extends to the end of 2020 and is necessary to move from withdrawal to future relations.
The transitional period involves extending the application of existing EU legislation. The only important exception is that Britain will no longer be part of the EU`s institutions and bodies and will no longer participate in EU decision-making. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes.